What Is Art Nouveau?

Clássicos da Arquitetura: Casa Batlló/ Antoni Gaudí © Ignasi de Solá-Morales

Characteristics that represent care with the concept of industrialization by the bourgeoisie.Although Art Nouveau developed in various ways in the regions where it was inserted, some qualities predominate in the works of the period, such as the usage of organic kinds; of asymmetric lines; the concern with visual appeals and with the decorative elements; presence of stained glass windows and mosaics and structures inspired by Rococó and Baroque.Within architecture, one of its most well-known exponents is the Catalan Antoni Gaudí who, regardless of relating Art Nouveau with other movements such as neo-Gothic, in his projects it is possible to view the frequency of natural, asymmetrical and rounded shapes, with clear motivation in the nature, as is the case of Casa Batlló. These bold forms by Gaudí represent the essence of Art Nouveau, marked by ingenious and unusual productions, so much so that in literal translation it means “new art”. Clássicos da Arquitetura: Casa Batlló/ Antoni Gaudí © wikipediaClássicos da Arquitetura: Casa Batlló/ Antoni Gaudí © Ignasi de Solá-MoralesIn addition to him, other designers ended up being representatives of the motion, such as the Belgian Victor Horta and his homes constructed for the elite composed of thoroughly crafted iron terraces and capitals that take on plant-like shapes, or the Scottish Charles Mackintosh who followed a trend thought about “more sophisticated” by Art Nouveau with the Glasgow School of Art project with a more abstract and geometric design.Victor Horta © Creative Commons user estebanhistoria accredited under CC BY-SA 3.0 Glasgow School of Art.


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