Image © Fernando SchapochnikShareShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps:// www.archdaily.com/951887/can-good-architecture-exist-without-modulationIn the Genesis flood narrative, Noah constructed an ark after a call from God, who chose to flood and ruin all life on Earth due to the misbehavior of humankind. Image © Han ShuangHowever, the Crystal Palace is considered the first modern-day application of modular building. Image © Marco CappellettiIn the 20th century and with the start of massive industrialization in civil building and construction, some designers, like Walter Gropius, began to develop premade prototypes and buildings to increase the speed of building and reduce material losses. Image © Sergio GraziaThis very short history looked for to highlight the importance of the search for standardization and modular coordination between products, products, and even between countries. Image © David BoyerContrary to what one might think, the limitations and conditions of modular coordination do not jeopardize the designers liberty or creativity– rather the contrary.
Can Good Architecture Exist Without Modulation?Casa 47/ Reimers Risso Arquitectura. Image © Fernando SchapochnikShareShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps:// www.archdaily.com/951887/can-good-architecture-exist-without-modulationIn the Genesis flood story, Noah built an ark after a call from God, who decided to flood and ruin all life on Earth due to the misbehavior of mankind. Only Noahs family and a couple agents of each species of animals could enter the big vessel and conserve themselves. In the bible, the ark is described in the precise measurements of 300 cubits in length by 50 cubits in width by 30 cubits in height. This was a system used at the time based on the length of the forearm, measured from the idea of the middle finger to the elbow. A Dutchman who has devoted himself to developing a replica of Noahs Ark, without success in discovering a similarly precise value in the metric system, used his own body measurements as a module. Modulation in architecture suggests adjusting the project to a defined measurement based generally on a specific measurement or material. Whether it is a meter, a brick, a tile, or a container, it serves to assist the design procedure and make it more efficient and sustainable.Oficinas E2E/ 57STUDIO. Image © Roland HalbeThe Danish company LEGO is happy that a piece made in the late 1950s will continue to fit perfectly with one that has actually simply left the factory. As unimportant as the example of a childrens toy might appear, fitting and combining various parts of a structure is something that has likewise generated conversations for a long time.According to the book Introduction to Modular Coordination of Construction in Brazil , which provides a historical overview and the primary theoretical concepts of modular coordination, the percentage of elements in Greek architecture expressed the principles of appeal and consistency. The column diameter (which was not constantly the exact same) was the fundamental system for all other dimensions in a temple. The shaft, the friezes, and the capitals followed rigid modulation. In Rome, on the other hand, anthropometric measurements (based upon the measurements of the body) identified the sizes of bricks, tiles, and water containers. Evidently, distinctions in absolute measurement were observed within the “very same” modules over the big Roman area. In Japan, the base unit of measurement was the “shaku,” of Chinese origin. During the Middle Ages, the system of measurement “ken” (which was called 6 shaku) evolved to become the module that governed the structure, materials, and area of Japanese architecture. Mats, which covered the floorings of most spaces, were 1 by 1/2 ken (which was the equivalent of two people sitting comfortably or one resting). This was what figured out the spacing between the columns of the buildings, preventing any tatami from having to be trimmed.Joint in standard wood building and construction in China. Image © Han ShuangHowever, the Crystal Palace is thought about the first modern application of modular construction. The need to construct a 71,500 m ² space very quickly– for the very first global industrial exhibition in the late 19th century– required that the entire building and construction be developed with industrialized parts, just assembled on website. The module that determined the buildings dimensions was the length of the maximum glass sheet that might be developed at the time, about 8 feet long. Multiples of eight figured out the area of all the pieces and the size of the spaces.MEETT Toulouse Exhibition and Convention Centre/ OMA. Image © Marco CappellettiIn the 20th century and with the beginning of enormous industrialization in civil building, some architects, like Walter Gropius, started to develop premade models and buildings to increase the speed of building and construction and decrease product losses. Throughout World War II, predicting a need for rapid reconstruction in Germany, Ernst Neufert wrote the book Bauordnungslehre, creating an octametric coordination system (100 cm/ 8) based on a 12.5 cm module. In Germany, this system was widely used to building and construction items, such as blocks, slabs, frames, and fiber cement tiles.Tencent Beijing Headquarters/ OMA. Image © Ossip van DuivenbodeLe Corbusier, in Modulor (1948 ), developed a study of proportionality that adapted anthropomorphic steps to those required for commercial production. He based Modulor on mathematics, utilizing the aesthetic dimensions of the golden ratio and the Fibonacci series, and in the percentages of the body through functional dimensions. Researchers, federal government companies, and other organizations like the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) concurred between the 50s and 60s that the step of the base module of 10 centimeters– or about 4 inches– must be embraced by many countries.Paris Courthouse/ Renzo Piano Building Workshop. Image Cortesia de Renzo Piano Building WorkshopParis Courthouse/ Renzo Piano Building Workshop. Image © Sergio GraziaThis really short history looked for to highlight the importance of the search for standardization and modular coordination in between materials, products, and even in between countries. In architectural projects, this allows the execution of the deal with less waste and visualizes future adaptations for other functions, using as numerous repeated parts as possible to streamline the production, assembly and completing procedures. This does not straight total up to a tedious or bureaucratic task. There are extremely innovative styles that make substantial use of product modulation. The unit, called a module, specifies the dimensions and percentages of the elements, developing an unified relationship in between them and the end product, which is the building.MEETT Toulouse Exhibition and Convention Centre/ OMA. Image © Marco CappellettiFor example, take a structural block of concrete. In Brazil, as a rule, the dimensions need to be 19cm x 19cm x 39cm. There are also 1/2 length pieces to close rows. There exists a certain level of tolerance in millimeters, however the pieces must have extremely comparable measurements. Considering the joins in between blocks, designers must preferably prepare the project using a 20 cm x 20 cm grid, which will travel through the axes in between the blocks. This will avoid any part from needing to be cut in the work, which in addition to increasing the amount of time required to perform the work, might also reduce its functional characteristics and make the finish rougher. The very same modulation can accommodate openings, floors, plasterboard, metal tiles, and so on. This is not to state that the project can not include unusual angles or break the modulation from time to time. A primary step is to comprehend the material, how it is built and put together, and what the ideal modulation is for it. If possible, choosing products and materials that can be accommodated in the same dimensional grids will provide a more reliable design and a much faster and simpler job.Prefabricated Country Home/ Figurr Architects Colective. Image © David BoyerContrary to what one may think, the constraints and conditions of modular coordination do not compromise the designers flexibility or creativity– quite the contrary. And if you are not Frank Gehry or Zaha Hadid, it is likely that your task will need to adapt to market products, and not the other method around.Note  Greven, Hélio Adão; Baldauf, Alexandra Staudt Follmann. Introdução à coordenação modular da construção no Brasil. UFRGS. Programa de Tecnologia da Habitação Habitare. 2007. Available at this link.